Corylus Cornuta. Beaked Hazelnut

Corylus cornuta, commonly known as Beaked Hazelnut, is a resilient and enchanting deciduous shrub native to North America. This remarkable plant derives its name from the unique beak-shaped husk that encases its edible hazelnuts, making it instantly recognizable in the wild. Beaked Hazelnut typically reaches a height of 6 to 12 feet, forming a dense thicket of multiple stems. Its slender, drooping leaves are serrated along the margins and exhibit a vibrant green hue during the growing season, turning brilliant shades of yellow and orange in the fall, creating a striking spectacle of autumnal beauty.

During early spring, the Beaked Hazelnut produces small, inconspicuous catkins that hang from its branches. These catkins play a crucial role in pollination, attracting various insects and providing an essential food source for emerging wildlife. As the seasons progress, the hazelnuts develop within their distinctive beaked husks, which offer protection against foraging animals. These nutritious nuts, once ripened, serve as a valuable food source for birds, squirrels, and other wildlife, while humans have also enjoyed them for their sweet and nutty flavor. Beaked Hazelnut is a testament to North American woodlands’ natural beauty and a vital component of the ecosystem, providing sustenance and habitat for countless species throughout the year.

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